In the Tindouf camps, the Saharawis are placed in five separate camps, situated between 30 km and 172 km apart. Husbands are wives are separated, as are siblings, with children forcibly removed from their parents' care. They cannot move freely between the camps and are prevented from leaving Tindouf or from moving within or beyond Algeria without the express permission of the Polisario leadership.
This is in contravention of numerous United Nations' charters and conventions including:
Articles 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Articles 15, 26, 27 of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees
In further contravention of United Nations' charters and conventions regarding the welafare of refugees, women and children, very young Saharawi children are removed from their parents' care within the camps and then sent to Cuba for many years. While in Cuba they loose contact with their families, are often exploited and put to work in domestic service, factories, agriculture and given military training. Many years later, no longer able to communicate in their mother tongue, they are returned to North Africa, not knowing whether or not their relations are alive, in prison or dead. They find it extremely difficult to settle into a new way of life.
Articles 25, 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as the Preamble which declares, "childhood is entitled to special care and assistance".
Articles 26, 27 of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.
Articles 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 16, 18, 19, 35 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.