Any solution to Sahara should take into account extremism that threatens Maghreb and Sahel

The current status quo of the Sahara conflict is "threatened by the rise of extremism, terrorism and crime in the Sahel region," warned Mr. Christopher Ross at the end of his visit to the region, considering that the decay of current circumstances "is likely to feed the frustration and result in violence that could be tragic for the countries of the region."


The statement by Mr. Ross has the merit to specify everyone’s responsibilities. The international community is worried about the evolution of the security situation in the region, convinced that the north of Mali became a rear base for terrorist groups prevalent in the Sahel-Saharan strip.


The warning by Christopher Ross comes in the wake of a series of kidnappings of Western nationals in the region, including two Spanish and one Italian aid workers in the heart of Tindouf.  An operation that could not take place without the effective complicity at the top of the hierarchy of the Polisario.


With this in mind, and many other compelling evidence, American experts in counter-terrorism stressed that Polisario is thus transformed into "extra strength" of the war declared by AQIM and "Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa "(Mujao) against the West.


Worse, some international media have recently reported the rallying dozens of members of the Polisario to Mujao in northern Mali which is the logical result of Polisario radicalization and the exacerbation of living conditions in the Tindouf camps, where people are held against their will by the Polisario militia.


The situation in northern Mali, under the occupation of extremist forces with weapons and logistics imposes on Algiers to face its contradictions and responsibilities, while the international community is getting impatient of the procrastination and hesitation of the Algerian authorities.


Disappointed by the latest statements by Mr. Ross, after his visit to the region, Polisario and Algeria, faithful to their delinquent methods seek to misrepresent this new deal, which they cannot escape. They must now join this new vision by the international community to  carry out a military intervention in the Sahel.


Other international observers criticize the supply chain of extremist groups in northern Mali, and wonder "about the origin of considerable logistical and weapons available to these terrorists in a large territory without resources or economic activities that generate income. "


"These vehicles and weapons, " certainly cannot come from the neighboring Mauritania neither form the neighboring Niger. "


With the vile terrorist attack against the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, arrests of terrorists and recruiters to AQIM and Mujao in different countries of the Maghreb, the Sahara conflict resolution must now take account of this new regional fact.


By requiring negotiating process back on track, Morocco has taken the measure of the urgency to end the plight of populations in Tindouf, in Algeria, and the emergence of a "real problem of international security" in the Sahel-Saharan strip.


The new approach adopted by the United Nations for the resumption of negotiations on the Moroccan Sahara is an implicit admission of the failure of informal talks that led to the impasse, but also a recognition of the merits of the position of Morocco.


By sounding the alarm, Morocco, as a respected partner in the comity of nations, was able to initiate a " new life" in the negotiation process, as in 2007 through its autonomy plan.