Morocco wants the other parties to adhere to the process led by UNSG Personal Envoy for the Moroccan Sahara Horst Köhler "with a real will, away from the language of the past, overused approaches and impossible solutions," said foreign minister Nasser Bourita, on Friday in Geneva.
Speaking at a press briefing following the second round-table meeting at the invitation of the UNSG Personal Envoy for the Moroccan Sahara, Bourita noted that this meeting is an important step in this process, stressing that Morocco took part in this meeting pursuant to a clear and well-known reference system and immutable values, related to its territorial and national integrity and sovereignty over its entire territory.
Morocco is committed with a constructive spirit to reach a final solution to this regional dispute pursuant to the 2nd paragraph of UNSC Resolution 2440 adopted last October, he said, adding that this meeting is important because it reinforces the format of the meeting with the participation of all parties concerned: Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the Polisario group.
The round-table meeting also underlines the important role played by the representatives of the population of the southern provinces who participated actively and intensively in the event and affirmed repeatedly that they are the legitimate representatives of this population and that the new development model for the southern provinces has generated a great momentum in this region, he explained.
The Minister noted that, for the first time, this meeting includes the necessary elements for the settlement of this issue in conformity with UNSC resolutions.
He recalled that the 2nd paragraph of resolution 2440 emphasizes that the solution must be realistic, noting that what is unrealistic is impossible. The resolution also states that the solution must be practical, based on compromise and sustainable, he added.
During this meeting, the talks also touched on the issue of self-determination, he said, noting that Morocco considers this principle, both in terms of law and international practices in this area, or in terms of the constant conviction of the Kingdom, does not mean in any case independence or referendum.
Morocco does not accept any solution based on referendum or the option of independence, he said, underlining that this position not only belongs to Morocco, but also meets the requirements of the Security Council.
He recalled that the terms "independence" or "referendum" do not exist in the Security Council resolution, adding that the latter mentions six times a mutually-acceptable political solution.
As a result, Morocco's position is in line with UN resolutions, he said, noting that the autonomy initiative submitted by Morocco is a solution which is in total harmony with all the principles announced in the second paragraph of resolution 2440 .
Autonomy offers a realistic, pragmatic solution of compromise which guarantees a lasting settlement for the artificial dispute over the Moroccan Sahara. It is also in perfect harmony with the principle of self-determination as defined in UN resolutions on the issue of the Moroccan Sahara, he added.
Bourita recalled that Morocco joined this process to reach a solution based on paragraph 2 of Resolution 2440, underlining that the Kingdom hopes that the next meeting will be an opportunity to address core issues related to this practical and realistic solution.
Morocco does not want a process where meetings become an end themselves, he insisted.