Moroccan diplomacy is convinced that the attacks on the Kingdom of Morocco by Algerian Foreign Minister Abdelkader Messahel are directly related to UN efforts to resolve the conflict in Western Sahara, which for more than four opposes to Rabat the pro-independence supporters of the Polisario Front supported by Algiers. Last week, Horst Köehler, former President of Germany and UN Secretary-General António Guterres's special envoy to the Western Sahara conflict, toured several countries in the Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania) to discuss find a way to solve the Saharawi crisis.
Coinciding with this trip, the head of Algerian diplomacy accused Morocco of laundering drug money in Africa through its banks, and assured that a major airline like Royal Air Maroc (RAM) is also involved in this alleged crime . The Moroccan authorities reacted immediately to these grave allegations and called in their ambassador in Algiers for consultations. "Algerians are nervous because they are losing influence in the Sahara conflict, and that is why they have started a new smear campaign against Morocco," a senior official with the Moroccan Foreign Ministry told Atalayar.
Along the same lines, the Moroccan ex-diplomat Jamal Mechbal pointed to Atalayar: "He calls attention to the insulting and provocative statements taking place just as the new UN Secretary-General for the Sahara, Horst Köhler, create a new climate to find a negotiated solution to the dispute with a realistic spirit, as praised by UN resolutions. " Mechbal considers that Algeria and the Polisario are concerned that they do not achieve their goals in the Saharawi crisis, and that is why they insist on holding a referendum on self-determination and "return to the 1991 Settlement Plan, which the United Nations abandoned. 17 years in favor of a political solution negotiated with a spirit of realism ".
Serious internal crisis
In addition, according to the exdiplomatic, the serious internal crisis in Algeria "advises ultra sectors in Algiers to create external conflicts, especially with the enemy brother, to mislead the discomfort and create 'unity against the enemy'. This, not forgetting that Morocco is the prime investing country in Francophone Africa and the second in all Africa and has displaced Algeria, who failed to move from the planned economy controlled by the public sector to a more dynamic private sector. Atalayar tried unsuccessfully to learn the opinion of some senior official of the Algerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Algerian political scientist Ali Boukhlef described the nature of the latest clash between Algiers and Rabat as "complex", a crisis he believed "could end the breakdown of diplomatic relations, because the two countries have conflicting interests in the Maghreb, and neither is willing to give in. Both Morocco and Algeria need the conflict to survive politically. "
Defeats of Morocco
In this context, Algerian newspaper El Khabar reported, Algerian diplomacy does not want a new confrontation with Rabat, and attributed Messahel's statements to "personal" opinions in a business forum. According to Morocco, this is not the case and Algiers "has mobilized its means to defend the foreign minister". In contrast, Algerian diplomacy is convinced that Moroccan leaders have suffered major defeats in international forums such as the UN and the African Union (AU), where, according to Algiers, they have not succeeded in having their theses prevail over the Western Sahara conflict . According to Moroccan political scientist Ahmed Alaoui, "the diplomatic battle between the two countries has only begun through their respective means." Thus, in Morocco, political parties such as the centrists of Aziz Akhannouch's Independent National Reunion (RNI), banks and the RAM company strongly condemned the remarks of Abdelkader Messahel. A leader of the Islamist Justice and Development Party (PJD) called the statements by the head of Algerian diplomacy an "intolerable provocation" and sources from the Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP), who were consulted by this media, rejected " Algeria against a sovereign country like Morocco, attacks that show the nervousness and the weakness of our neighbor ".
Without unanimity in Algeria
In Algeria, the intentions of Abdelkader Messahel did not achieve absolute unanimity. An ex-leader of the Socialist Forces Front (FFS) lamented that "every time the country goes through a crisis, its discredited leaders are forced to seek an external enemy." In a similar vein, a militant of the Berberist Regrouping for Culture and Democracy (RCD) branded the leaders of his country as "demagogues" and appealed "to overcome conflicts with our Moroccan neighbor because they only benefit the oligarchic clans which control Algeria. " Bad business for the two countries and the whole of the Maghreb. As confirmed in an interview with the weekly 'Jeune Afrique' last September the Moroccan Foreign Minister, Nasser Bourita,