On 6 November, Moroccan people celebrated collectively in pomp and pride the 40th Anniversary of the return of the southern province to the Fatherland, Morocco. A return that is the fruit of the Glorious Green March, an epic that occurred on 6 November 1975; a pacific march, engineered and implemented by the late Hassan II in which 350 000 Moroccans participated, women and men, having only the holy Coran and Moroccan flag, sparking off the admiration of the international community but also, unfortunately, increasing the hatred of the highest authorities of its eastern neighbor.
Before offering a brief historical overview of the legtimity of Morocco's ancestral rights over two of its Saharan provinces, it is relevant to inform Algerian people, especially Kabyles, regarding an act that has been covered by Algerian officials as well as the local Algerian press. Indeed, Algerians have been denied knowledge of the effective participation in this Green March of the late president Mohamed Boudiaf, icon of Algerian liberation and father of NLF, in military uniform and arms at hand with Moroccan soldiers to protect the pacific marchers. It is true that the late Mohamed Boudiaf and a number of historical leaders of the liberation war had all the time affirmed their support of Morocco regarding this issue and stood up virulently to the creation of Polisario and attack against national sovereignty and integrity of Morocco.
A standpoint joined to his firm will to fight corruption in his country cost him his life; he was assassinated cowardly on 29 June 1992 at Annaba during a conference by a member of Special forces of DRS.To evoke the historical and legitimate rights of Morocco on the Saharan provinces, it is pertinent to have a slight reference to History, the one that we have in the national achieves of former colonial powers of the era the one that is taught in the great universities of the world.
The Moroccan Saharan provinces had been under Spanish domination since 1884 and the rivalries among the huge colonial powers hardened due to Morocco's economic and strategic potential; by occupying Morocco, it was possible to control the strait of Gibraltar and the Cap road and allow the French colonial empire, installed in Algeria, to complete its indispensable access to the Atlantic.
Treaties were signed among these colonial powers, especially those of 8 April 1904 between France and England, of 3 April 1904 between France and Spain and Algeciras Conference, between January and April 1906, which proclaimed the independence and territorial integrity of Morocco while excluding the loss of territorial sovereignty of Morocco or an extension of Algerian territory starting from Figuig towards the South-West. In addition, at the dawn of its Independence, Morocco, in all its negotiations with France and Spain expressed its will to reestablish its sovereignty over the territories that were taken therefrom during French and Spanish military occupation.
However, if France recognized formally Morocco's rights via April Agreements of 1956, which was not the case with Spain as it refused to retrocede Tarfaya, Sidi Ifni and Moroccan Saharan provinces. A refusal which caused the Late His Majesty Mohammed V to deliver in 1958 in M'Hamid El Ghizlane a speech in front of the tribes of Moroccan Sahara in which he emphasized Morocco's will to restore its Sahara as quoted by the deceased Sovereign: "We solemnly declare that we will continue our action to bring back our Sahara, within the framework of respect of our historical rights and in conformity with the will of its inhabitants."
It proves that Moroccan claims over its Saharan provinces dated back before 1974, before its Independence.
Nevertheless, Highest Algerian authorities have always been opposed to the completion of Morocco's territorial integrity for two main reasons: (1) its quest to have access to the Atlantic Ocean, out of economic necessity for both the sale and distribution of its fossil products, including gas, petroleum and so on and its African and international commerce,(2) its concern to make out of Moroccan Sahara a satellite state in order to achieve its triple strategic objectives: to become and Atlantic power, suppress Morocco and stand as a necessary hub among Europe,Western Africa and the Orient. It is the genius of the late Hassan II who foiled this machiavelic plan of Algerian officials and the firm will of King Mohammed VI and Moroccan people to not lose any inch of the Saharan provinces territory.
Finally, this Anniversary brought surprises that mummified the highest Algeria authorities forgetting that the Moroccanity of the saharan provinces dated back to twelve centuries; a historical fact that only a few countries can claim today that they have twelve centuries of history,while Algeria came to being in 1962 thanks to the Kabyles who have nearly a history of nine centuries of a population of nine million inhabitants settling in a territory that is well-defined which is the Kabylie and that one that does not enjoy any rights, on the contrary to the Moroccans living in Saharan provinces.
Written by Farid Mnebhi and translated by Madani Abdelmajid