Nietzche said: People do not like to hear the truth, because they do not want their illusions to be shattered.
This profound in meaning and significance saying is applied on polesario. The four decades granted this Font to become an idol that did not hear nor see, or help the Sahrawis. This unusual situation in the political organizations was backed up by group of illusions that would vanish sooner to denudate the mercenaries of this issue.
The seven illusion of polisario intransigence are as follows:
Illusion One: The exclusive representative of Sahrawis.
Due to the extensive propaganda during the past four decades, the Algerian Diplomacy succeeded in introducing the world that Polisario is the sole and the legitimate representative of the Sahrawis. This repetitive lie, which became a truth, disappeared because of many factors and developments.
As in Tindouf camps, some Sahrawi sounds from inside Morocco called for not considering Polisario the only part in negotiation, especially with the emergence of Sahrawi streams, from the camps, urging to grant them the right to express their opinions and stances as the leaders coming back to Morocco,“ the Martyr Line” stream, Mostafa Salma, the self-governing supporters in Tindouf and other organizations that entered into struggles with polisario and demanded of independence decision and be free from the instructions of the Algerian regime.
In any election held in Morocco, the majority of Sahrawis were represented by the unionists. The highest number of participation was registered in the Sahrawi regions. These elections knew all kinds of struggles and attractions; however, it remained competitive and transparent either it is regional or legislative.
Wikileaks documents highlighted that “many interviews and independent sources considered self-governing instead of self- determination is the main objective of the majority of Sahrawis”, expressing that the number of participation registered in the last communal elections was a proof.
Illusion Two: Declaration of a State
Declaration of a state was the serious mistake that polisario committed to Sahrawi people. It is a strategic mistake suggested by the incubator countries to Polisario to implicate and ensure a chronic struggle with Morocco. Declaration of a State without attributes of sovereignty is political experience shortness, since it needs legal and moral commitments, which the Front did not consider in the future and the decision of the dispute. The Front claimed that people would decide self-determination, but on the ground, it stated the declaration of a State without referring to the Sahrawis.
At the establishment of the Front, Polisario first obsession was not to declare a State, but to liberate Sahara from the Spanish colonialism. But, things have changed when the Libby and the Algerian military regimes interfered.
The impossibility to declare a state was dictated by personal and objective circumstances, this was the conclusion that Sahara professional reached among them was Mr. Peter Van Valsoum, who submitted his report on Sahara on 21st April, 2008.
He said in a report, containing his observations and estimations, to the Security Council to settle the dispute: “The independence of Sahara is an unrealistic option”, calling the Fifteen Countries and Council Members to recommend the continuation of negotiations, taking into account the political reality and “the international legitimacy”. The matter was to attain a consensus between both principles”.
He explained, "I felt the need to reaffirm this conclusion: the independence of Western Sahara is not an achievable goal. This conclusion has been withheld during Manhasset negotiations; even it was a fact imposes itself today. It was the basis of the series of ongoing negotiations, stressing that he refused “the idea that taking into account the political realities constitutes a waiver or surrender.”
The UN Envoy adopted the Moroccan approach to settle the dispute. It was about granting the Sahrawi people a self-governing under the Moroccan sovereignty. He suggested that Morocco withdraws its self- governing initiative, while the Front withdraws its temporary self-determination from the negotiation agenda (a period between 6 to 9 months, for example) and negotiate in a real manner and without prior conditions on the basis of temporary hypothesis that there is no referendum leading to independence as an alternative. So the conclusion is less than a complete independence.
Valsoum approached the Moroccan stance from the dispute. It was between Morocco and Algeria not between Morocco and Polisario. The UN Envoy to Sahara, Valsoum considered that the reason behind this incomprehensible situation is that there were some countries supporting Polisario and never lived inside the camps and convinced that these people wanted to remain in the camps for ever.
“The independence is an unrealistic option”, the Dutch Diplomat, expressing his opinion in the UN Security Council.
Valsoum felt the need to express his opinion now, so as not to lose his credibility and just make this case lasts forever". He considered that despite the absence of hope, his mission gained an encouragement from the supporter of Polisario, especially Algeria.
Valsoum wondered: “Is it morally acceptable to leave a generation of Polisario children grow up in camps? Reminding his decision to bring Polisario to tough negotiations to reach a guaranteed self-governing under the Moroccan sovereignty.
Before Valcium, the former Special Representative of the UN to Sahara stated in front of the Fourth Committee of the UN that self-governing is the sole solution to the Sahara issue, indicating that polisario should abandon some of its ambitions.
In this context, Mr. Erik Jensen, whose testimony attracted the attention of many, wrote a book about the failure of identification within the settlement plan and called for a negotiated political solution.
His book on “the series of identification cannot lead to any conclusion” was written after terminating his 5-year mission in Sahara (1993-1998).
Adding that Mr. Valsoum, who succeeded him, “follows his conviction through affirming that the independence is an unrealistic opinion”, highlighting that Sahrawi people deserve a secured and guaranteed future in this strategic and important region”.
He confirmed that the Fourth Committee members were aware that self-determination principle could be applied in different ways and there were other solutions than independence.
According to journalistic sources, The UN Envoy, Ross, informed the Front leaders during his visit to the camps (March 2015) that the possibility to declare a Sahrawi State “is impossible and inapplicable”, introducing some presumptions especially the continuous protestations against plisario inside the camps. It means that the consensus and the unity towards State project headed by polisario was doubtful and distrust, said the polisario leader.
Illusion Three: The Algerian cuddle
For more than 40 years, the Algerian regime was the only influencing actor in the Front. Algeria accepted the Front on its lands and provided help to constitute camps in Tindouf through deporting forcibly the Sahrawi nomads. Besides, Algeria used money to bring mercenaries from Algeria and the neighboring countries. It opened its institutions for military training, weapons, live ammunition and devoted all its diplomatic power to campaign for Polisario.
Polisario is only a tool used by the regime against Morocco to deter the completion of its territorial sovereignty.
Since the Front is an essential paper against Morocco, Algeria can reduce its investment inside the country and increase its value in the poor countries like Mozambique, Ethiopia.
It is known that Algeria position within these countries depended on the money or the in-kind aids sent (oil and gas).
The Algerian cuddle is an illusion because it is based on Generals choice not the population. In 1988, it was affected by population protestation and attacking the Polisario Consulate and the rise of the Islamist, the Algerian civil war, and the change in point of view of Chadli, Benjdid and Boudyaf.
It is more useful that our bet was devoted to the Algerian population instead of waiting for an official change in country policy. The large mass of the Algerian people deserved the Oil wealth devolved to separatists and bribery in Africa.
Mr. Blali in one of his conversations compared between the relation of Polisario with Libya and Algeria. The relation with Libya was independent; Gaddafi did not want to control or manage Polisario. He bestowed billions and spent generously to continue its war against Morocco. Whereas, in the relation with Algeria, we discovered, in a later stage, that the Algerian Military Intelligence Services was the controller, and the Algerians interfered in everything and dictated the Front for what and what not in order not to lose control.
On the military level, Algeria was upset from Gaddafi, because he supplied us with rockets and they said for humor “we, Algerians, liberated our country with gun fire and you have to do the same”.
Adding that Mr. Benjdid directed the Front towards the choice of negotiation with Morocco and summoned on Mohamed Abd Aziz, “you have to choose the negotiation choice with Rabat because independence becomes difficult”. But, Abdeaziz finds himself in trouble and instead of answering the president Benjdid, he requested a period of reflection.
In the next visit, he accompanied, to the El- Mouradia palace, a delegate of counselors and tried to push the Algerian president to talk about the choice of joining Morocco before the other Sahrawi delegates, which Benjdid did without hesitation and said “no independent state will be declared in Southern Morocco.
On the other hand, the former Algerian Defense Minister explained on Al-Jazeera channel that in a stage he disagreed with Polisario delegate and asked him to leave the office because they cannot ever fight on the Algerian ground.
Illusion Four: The international support
The international support is an illusion because it stands against Morocco. Whenever Morocco progressed in enhancing its relation with the countries recognizing and supporting the separatists, Algeria and Polisario pay the costs of the consulate and ambassador to these countries.
In the previous years, the Front boasted that most African and American countries recognize its existence, but this number was reduced and many countries withdrew their recognition of the Front established in 1973. Other countries suspended its recognition.
34 countries which have public diplomatic relation and recognize the Front: Nigeria, Mali, Mauritania, Algeria, Bolivia and Mexico.
46 countries withdrew; suspended the recognition of Polisario including India, Switzerland, Madagascar, Columbia, Chad, Paraguay, Zambia, Burkina Faso and others.
Most countries that recognize the Front were in the seventies. During this period there were blazing demands of secession and self-determination, the rise of socialist and leftist streams in the world. Whereas the sparkles of recognition decline were in the nineties and increased by the third millennium.
The UN country members that had never recognized the Front are 113 including U.S.A, France, Germany, Spain, China, Brazil, Argentina, Turkey, Bulgaria, Norway, Italy, Iraq, Egypt, Tunisia, Sudan, Yemen and others.
The non-conditioned international support served Polisario illusion, but the last UN report on the embezzlement of the support delivered to the Camps people proved the opposite. Earlier, the Popular Party once expressed its regret about the hard-line position of Polisario warning that the Sahara dispute can lead to international boredom.
The spokesman for the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Popular Party at the parliament, Mr. Gustavo de Aristegui in a declaration to the Spanish news agency, Friday, said “the concept of self-governing does not contradict with self-determination” and evoked the declarations of the Personal Envoy of the Secretary General to the Sahara Mr. Valsoum, who disqualified the choice of independence in this region.
Illusion Five: Fear and obsession of dictatorship in Morocco
Diplomatic cables, published by Wikileaks, revealed that the majority of Sahrawi people agreed on the Moroccan plan of self- governing in the southern regions, emphasizing on the difference between “a real political competition” in the south of Morocco and the regime (leaded by the Polisario) as the Cuban manner.
The Front promoted a tendentious rumor amid Sahrawi about the repression and human rights violation, but the mutual visits changed this view, let alone the renewable Royal guarantees about the democratic choice,
In the speech addressed to the nation on the occasion of the 36 anniversary of the Green March, King Mohammed VI said that the Moroccan Sahara would be "a model for the regional expansion including a democratic election of its bodies, spread the board of powers to the regions as well as spreading the national and regional solidarity rehabilitation and human development mechanisms.
Moreover, Morocco is engaged in a new wave of reforms principally consisted of the constitutional governance and the creation of the Economic and Social Council and consecration of the role of competition and other Council.
In this regard, Morocco has created the National Council for Human Rights, the Mediator Foundation and the regional Committee of Human Rights in charge with the follow-up and monitoring the human rights situation in the region, receiving complaints regarding allegations of human rights violations. It also works on the implementation of the National Council for Human Rights programs and projects related to field of promoting human rights and with the cooperation of all the actors involved.
Illusion Six: The ability to return to war
Each time and without any occasion, the Front shows its willingness to return to war, but its regression and disappointment this time pushed it to conduct maneuvers using air defenses, rocket launchers and dozens of armored vehicles, in addition to hundreds of fighters. None of Polisario military leaders hesitate to launch explicit threats towards Morocco, saying that "the war option remains on the table in case there is no concrete progress in peace process."
Observers believed that these developments are just about provocation and pressure on the Secretary-General of the United Nations and his Envoy to the region, Christopher Ross, who started to pave the way to launch a new perception to Polisario leadership. It is impossible to declare a state in Sahara, as advocated by the Polisario; "because of the profound changes in the region."
Illusion Seven: Conflict extension to drain Morocco
Polisario and Algeria seek to play politics, because the prolonged conflict drains Morocco on the financial, the diplomatic and the human rights level,
Sahara issue constitutes a real burden on the economy, policy and state treasury.
The weekly newspaper “Al-Ayam" indicated " that the Moroccan Sahara conflict for over 38 years was estimated at 2700 billion Dirham.. It was stressed that the Moroccan government invest 7 times more in these regions, which is a real drain of the State treasury. Not to mention the other parallel material and human costs related to the permanent military equipment and logistic.
Morocco, government and people, borne all the costs, as they are related to their existence and fate and there is no room for compromise. What the Front overlooked was that people who gave birth to the third generation in camps could bear and adapt to the situation unlike the growing generation, who will open horizons to dispose from the hell and the might of the ruling tyrants.
Time will reveal whether they are facts or illusions.
Article translated by Mme Latifa Haboula Benali